Following the Swiss National Bank surprise decision to scrap the floor under the EUR/CHF exchange rate, the National Futures Association (NFA) has introduced additional requirements for brokers providing foreign exchange services in the US. Forex Dealer Members (FDMs) of the National Futures Association (NFA) have been subjected to additional scrutiny after the massive loss which FXCM Inc (NYSE:FXCM) incurred in January, prompting it to seek a bailout from Leucadia National.
The new rules have been published by the NFA in May, but approved by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) only now. The U.S. watchdog that oversees futures and option markets has approved rule amendments and a new interpretive notice filed by the National Futures Association (NFA).
The rule amendments and interpretive notice stipulate enhanced requirements for those forex dealers (referred to as FDMs) that are members of the NFA, an organization for the U.S. derivatives industry, including on-exchange traded futures, retail off-exchange foreign currency transactions, and swap transactions.
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The rules include:
- imposing additional capital requirements on FDMs;
- requiring FDMs to collect security deposits for off-exchange foreign currency transactions from eligible contract participant counterparties in addition to retail counterparties;
- requiring FDMs to adopt and implement rigorous risk management programs; and
- requiring FDMs to provide additional market disclosures and firm-specific information on their websites to permit current and potential counterparties to better assess the risks of engaging in off-exchange foreign currency transactions and with conducting business with a particular FDM.
Under the new rules, forex dealers will be required to maintain adjusted net capital equal to or in excess of $20 million plus certain percentages of the member’s various liabilities.
As mentioned, the new rules follow a raft of new regulation surrounding OTC derivative trades across multiple jurisdictions. Indeed, Finance Magnates reported today that Australia is set to roll out new rules for margin forex and CFD trading, which will be supervised by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission.