Canada’s Financial Transactions and Reports Centre (FINTRAC) issued an advisory of the coming changes to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Acts.
In February, additional funding was earmarked for FINTRAC to help it tackle the threats posed by virtual currencies. In June, the Economic Action Plan 2014 Act, No. 1, which amends the money laundering and terrorist financing acts to include virtual currencies, received royal assent.
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The advisory says that the changes will come into force once the regulations are published in the Canada Gazette, the official newspaper of the government of Canada. Only entities that transmit virtual currencies are bound by the changes. Businesses or individuals that merely buy virtual currencies or spend them for the purchase of goods and services are not included.
But until the new regulations are in force, only money services businesses (MSBs) engaged in fiat foreign exchange dealing or money transmission are subject to the existing laws.
FINTRAC levies a maximum penalty of up to $2 million and 5 years imprisonment for the failure to report suspicious activity. Lesser penalties are levied for other infractions such as failure to report large transactions or not meeting recordkeeping requirements.