The Basel Committee published the results of its latest Basel III monitoring exercise, based on data as of 30 June 2019, the BCBS (Basel Committee on Banking Supervision) announced in a statement today.
“The report sets out the impact of the Basel III framework that was initially agreed in 2010 as well as the effects of the Committee’s December 2017 finalisation of the Basel III reforms and the finalisation of the market risk framework published in January 2019. Given the June 2019 reporting date, the results do not reflect the economic impact of the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) on participating banks,” the committee says.
Nevertheless, the Basel Committee believes that the information contained in the report will provide relevant stakeholders with a useful benchmark for analysis.
“Data are provided for 174 banks, including 105 large internationally active banks. These ‘Group 1’ banks are defined as internationally active banks that have Tier 1 capital of more than €3 billion, and include all 30 institutions that have been designated as global systemically important banks (G-SIBs). The Basel Committee’s sample also includes 69 ‘Group 2’ banks (ie banks that have Tier 1 capital of less than €3 billion or are not internationally active),” the statement says.
The committee adds that as recently agreed by the Group of Governors and Heads of Supervision, implementation of the final Basel III minimum requirements has been deferred to 1 January 2023, and they will be fully phased in by 1 January 2028.
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The average impact of the fully phased-in final Basel III framework on the Tier 1 minimum required capital (MRC) of Group 1 banks is lower (+2.5%) when compared with the 3.0% increase at end-December 2018 (see the “reduced estimation bias” part of the table below), according to the committee.
It also says that for this calculation, for two G-SIBs that are outliers due to overly conservative assumptions under the revised market risk framework, zero change from the revised market risk framework has been assumed for the calculation of 30 June 2019 results. If these two banks are reflected with their conservative market risk numbers (see the “conservative estimation” part of the table), there is a 2.8% increase, the Committed adds.
The capital shortfalls at the end-June 2019 reporting date are €16.6 billion for Group 1 banks at the target level with reduced estimation bias and €20.3 billion with conservative estimation, in comparison with €24.7 billion at end-December 2018, according to the statement.
“The monitoring exercises also collect bank data on Basel III’s liquidity requirements. The weighted average Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) was stable at 136% for the Group 1 bank sample and at 177% for Group 2 banks. All banks in the sample reported an LCR that met or exceeded 100%. The weighted average Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR) remained stable at 116% for the Group 1 bank sample and at 120% for the Group 2 bank sample. As of June 2019, around 96% of the banks in the NSFR sample reported a ratio that met or exceeded 100%, while all banks reported an NSFR at or above 90%,” the committee explains.