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The 1974 Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) in the United States created the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).
The Commission protects and regulates market activities against manipulation, fraud, and abuse trade practices and promotes fairness in futures contracts.
The CEA also included the Sad-Johnson Agreement, which defined the authority and responsibilities for the monitoring of financial contracts between the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the Securities and Exchange Commission.
These are today the largest regulators and authorities in the United States.
The Commission works to guarantee that trading on the U.S. futures exchanges are fair and honest and maintain integrity in the marketplace. There are 11 U.S. Futures Exchanges.
The Commission is outside of the political realm and is not controlled by any party. To ensure this at no time can more than three members represent the same political party.
The CFTC has recently given the go-ahead to a startup exchange that wants to attract individual traders to the risky world of futures.
The Small Exchange, headed by a former executive of T.D. Ameritrade Holding Corp., won approval from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission on in 2020 to become the newest U.S. futures exchange.
The current exchanges in the U.S. under the regulatory authority of the CFTC include the following:
Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE)
International Monetary Market (IMM)
Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT)
Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME / GLOBEX)
New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) and (COMEX)
Kansas City Board of Trade (KCBT)
NEX Group plc (NXG.L)
Intercontinental Exchange (ICE)
International Petroleum Exchange (IPE) 2001
New York Board of Trade (NYBOT) 2005
Winnipeg Commodity Exchange (WCE) 2007
TSX Group's Natural Gas Exchange Partnership 2008
European Climate Exchange 2010
Chicago Climate Exchange (CCE) 2010
London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE)
Minneapolis Grain Exchange (MGEX)
Nadex (formerly HedgeStreet)
OneChicago (Single-stock futures (SSF's) and Futures on ETFs)
Nasdaq Futures Exchange (NFX)