The composition of the group of market players offering electronic FX trading shifted somewhat over the past year. While traditional leaders kept things steady at the top in the face of Thomson Reuters and CME Group’s NEX acquisition, the company holding the third spot changed in the latter part of 2018 as FXSpotStream raced ahead of CBOE FX.
Over the past year, the market share losers have been the biggest players in the eFX space. Both Thomson Reuters and CME Group’s NEX EBS division left more room for smaller companies.
Between 2017 and 2018, the dominance of the two biggest eFX trading volumes handlers that are reporting their numbers publicly declined by a touch over five percent. That said, Thomson Reuters and EBS are still holding close to two-thirds of eFX trading volumes as of 2018.
Over a year, which was marked by low volatility, competition among market players has naturally increased. The trading venues have undertaken a number of initiatives to promote their services with FXSpotStream adding State Street in February and highlighting its NDFs offering which it launched in 2017.
We touched upon the increasingly brisk volumes from the company in July last year, but towards the end of the year, that growth rate accelerated. FXSpotStream raced ahead of CBOE FX in the final quarter of 2018 and kept its lead intact in January 2019.
The annual growth rate for January 2019 reached over 46 percent, a figure that was also highlighted by a monthly increase of 18 percent when compared to December of 2018. The company shattered multiple records throughout last year and started 2019 with another one.
Asked about the reasons behind the growth of the company’s service, CEO Alan Schwarz pointed to FXSpotStream’s unique business model, the vast expansion of the offering beyond spot, which also includes swaps, forwards, NDFs/NDS and precious metal spot and swaps, the high touch level of support provided, and the continued migration of volume from anonymous to disclosed channels.
“FXSpotStream is the only bank owned consortium that offers a completely free disclosed service to taking clients while liquidity providers don’t pay a per transaction fee to trade with their clients, but rather pay a fee unrelated to the amount of volume transacted,” Schwarz explained.
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Higher Volumes in a Slow Market
Overall, last year the foreign exchange market has been relatively slow. The first quarter proved to be somewhat active, as the US dollar ceded ground across the board. Over the next nine months, however, the greenback slowly recovered its losses and finished the year close to unchanged.
Institutional traders have gradually lost appetite in the market as political uncertainty dominated the space in Europe. In the meantime, the lack of further escalation in trade wars prevented any material trends from emerging. That didn’t prevent the overall volume across eFX products from increasing by 17 percent across the publicly reporting venues that Finance Magnates tracked.
With all that said and done, 2019 started with a bang for the FX market. Unfortunately for most traders, however, the flash crash spike from the first big trading day of the year didn’t lead to a sustained rise in volatility.
Market Share Developments
When looking at market share developments across the eFX spectrum we took two different approaches. We first compared January 2018 to January 2019, a statistic that singled out FXSpotStream as the fastest growing eFX trading venue especially in the latter part of 2018 when it reported multiple records.
Overall for 2018, the firm’s market share increased by almost 2.5 percentage points to just above 10 percent. In the meantime despite the losing third spot, CBOE FX also marked an increase by just below two percent at the cost of both Thomson Reuters and CME’s NEX EBS division, which lost two and 2.2 percent respectively.
Looking at January 2019, the market share developments year-on-year show Thomson Reuters dropping by less than one percentage point when compared to January 2018 to just above 33 percent of the total volumes. CME Group’s NEX EBS division marks a more pronounced drop from 33 percent to 29 percent. CBOE FX drops slightly by about one point to just below 13 percent.
The bulk of growth in market share falls on FXSpotStream which managed to raise its trading volumes to as much as 13.3 percent of the total among publicly reporting eFX trading volumes. It inched ahead of CBOE FX marginally, and this race is likely to heat up in the coming months especially if the FX volatility cycle turns.
LMAX is another company that gained market share with a small bump to just below five percent. Euronext’s investment in Fastmatch lost out to competitors over 2018, but is looking to an upbeat start in 2019 with roughly seven percent of the total trading volumes transacted via venues tracked by the Finance Magnates Intelligence department.